Compiled By Gerald Fischer from various sources
Morgan’s “Great Raid” is the most memorable raid in the Civil War. It extended 1100 miles, went farther into the north than any other Confederate incursion, and likely led to the Confederate victory at Chicamauga four months later. It drew reinforcements away from Rosecrans who had CSA General Braxton Bragg’s army bottled-up at Tullahoma, Tennessee. Bragg’s army was in a position to be destroyed. Various factors and people affected this event in such a way that the crossing at Brandenburg successfully happened. There was a man who took part in that raid, an officer whose home was about sixty miles south of Brandenburg. His name was Kelion F. Peddicord. There were three Peddicord brothers that risked their all for the Confederacy. This three part issue tells their story that begins before the war when their family moved from Maryland to Ohio. Many Meade County families made similar moves from Maryland, Gabriele Board’s and the Wathens to name two. Other participants of that raid lived, fought, and/or died in Meade County. Jesse Doc Shacklett, Thomas Dupoyster, Henry Clay Magruder, John Bryant, Marcellous Jerome Clarke, Peddicord and others equally famous or infamous combined to make that raid. This story three part story is about three valiant and unselfish brothers who rode with Morgan and the Confederacy.
Wilson Lee Peddicord was born May 13th, 1803. He was the son of Jasper Peddicord, born 1762 and who died at age 82 in 1844 and Amelia Hobbs Peddicord born 1767 dying at age 74 in 1841. In 1830, Wilson and Katurah Peddicord moved from Maryland to a farm near Barnesville, in Belmont County, Ohio, where his parents, Amelia and Jasper resided.
Wilson married Keturah Barnes Hobbs, born 1802 dying in 1876 at age 74. To them were born seven children: Columbus Adolphus Peddicord, 1831-1866; Kelion Franklin Peddicord, 1833-1905; Indiana Washington Peddicord, 1835-1921; Ruth Elenor Peddicord, 1837-1908; Carolus Judkins Peddicord, 1840-1863; Laura Clay Peddicord, 1844-1867; and Lily Louisa Pleasants Peddicord, 1849- (?) This Fischer Feature will confine itself to Columbus A. Peddicord, Kelion F. Peddicord, and Carolus J. Peddicord, all of whom fought with distinction in the Confederate States Army during the Civil War.
Carolus Judkins Peddicord
Columbus A. Peddicord was born in Ohio, July 18th, 1831. He was married to Isabella Meador Peddicord in Sumner County, Tennessee, March 15th, 1859. Columbus was 28 and Isabella 27 at the time they were married. (Note: I have no date for Isabella’s death). Columbus died in Kentucky at age 35 August 14th, 1866. His military career was in Tennessee. He was in Co. K 2nd Tenn. Inf. CSA. To Isabella and Columbus three children were born, Charles Lewis Peddicord, 1860-1954; Franklin Morgan Peddicord, 1861-1944; Columbus Peddicord, 1863- (?).
Columbus is buried in Bell Cemetery, Park City, in Barren County, Kentucky. The following information was obtained through Ancestry.com, and forwarded to me.
Note: This narrative is likely written by his sister Indiana “India,” Peddicord. “Columbus A. Peddicord, was a Capt. of Independent Scouts Morgan’s Cavalry. Columbus A. Peddicord was the oldest child in our family. Six feet tall at 18 years of age, the idol of our family, he was a model of manly beauty, an image of our stately, beautiful mother. His chestnut – curling hair, and his hazel eyes, clear pale complexion, perfect form, and friendship with all classes made him a universal favorite. Impetuous tempered, he forgave any who affronted him at the first overture. He was a splendid shot at an early age, afraid of nothing in the world. After the first year of service in the “Silver Greys,” a company of Gallatin, Tennessee, in Colonel Bate’s regiment, Second Infantry, Company K., he was with J. H. Morgan, and was often sent on detached service. He was taken prisoner in 1863, and spent nineteen months starving and freezing at Johnson’s Island. Exchanged in 1864 he returned to find his wife in a Federal prison at Gallatin, Tennessee – a ruse to catch him. His father [Wilson] succeeded in getting her freed by going to Nashville to General Rosecrans, who banished her from Tennessee, where she owned one hundred and sixty acres of land, which was sold for taxes during reconstruction days. My brother Columbus was furious at his wife’s treatment, and he and his men were conspicuous for their daring until the close of the war. He was farming near Glasgow Junction [Park City] in Kentucky until August [1st] 1867, when he attended a Democratic barbecue at Glasgow City. While riding in his carriage driven by the old faithful slave driver, he was approached by four men, and asked if he would take them to the grounds. He acquiesced. Three rode with him and one with the driver. “You are Captain Peddicord,” said one. He smiled, saying, “The Captain is played out.” The man, using vile epithets, said, “A fine carriage for a d—-d rebel to ride in.” Brother, thinking they were joking, replied, “Yes but the rebel is played out too.” After he found out they were antagonistic, he stepped out and said, “Get out of my vehicle.” The one who got out first went behind the carriage and shot at my brother, hitting him in the left arm, shattering the bone. My brother then pulled out his pistol, but, as he said afterward, it failed to go off the first time. The man shot again and struck his spine. He fell, and the men ran, and as there were many old Confederates on the grounds the crew disappeared quickly. My brother lived thirteen days. He is buried in the old Bell family cemetery, at Glasgow Junction [Park City], Kentucky. His wife and two sons – one seven, one five and a half years old – were left to mourn his loss